WOMEN IN MOTION DOCUMENTARY ABOUT SPACE (DO YOU REMEMBER STAR TREK?)
The Nichelle Nichols Documentary: WOMAN IN MOTION is out and Streaming Across the Universe!
My good friend Ivor Dawson from the “Traveling Space Museum.” Is in this new documentary. He has been supporting Nichelle Nichols for several years and he is currently helping me with the Barboza Space Center’s First School on Mars astronaut training program. I am suggesting to all of my followers to take a look at this new documentary on Amazon Prime. Nichelle. From Star
A Message from Ivor Dawson:
The wait is over. Woman in Motion has been released—just in time for Women in History Month. If you’re a Star Trek or Nichelle Nichols fan or a friend of mine or Traveling Space Museum—this movie is great—and I’m not saying this because I’m in it! Rotten Tomatoes gave it a 95% rating and it’s #5 on iTunes’ Documentaries List. The film is already a hit! George Lucas loved the project so much that he offered his services at Skywalker Ranch to mix the sound—so we know that the force is with us!
As a friend, confidante and speechwriter for Ms. Nichols for more than two decades, the producers thought that I might have a few thoughts to contribute. And speaking of George Lucas, a year ago, when the film was completed—about a week before COVID arrived, the producers and I autographed a Woman in Motion lobby poster that went to our friends at Skywalker Ranch. Seeing my name on the official poster was another surprise thrill.
Right now, you can catch Woman in Motion streaming on iTunes for rent or sale and on Amazon Prime video. Many who saw it on Amazon Prime were able to see it for free!
Hope you all can catch it soon. And when you do, please write and tell me what you think. Live long and prosper!
I would love to get your feedback of this documentary and if you want more like this stay tuned to Kids Talk Talk Radio Science with some of the links below.
Astronauts traveling to Mars will need to grow some of their own food in order to survive and stay healthy. To successfully grow plants on Mars, greenhouse structures will be necessary to provide similar growing conditions to those on Earth. Greenhouses on Earth are structures with transparentglass or plastic walls and roofs that allow as much of the available sunlight as possible to reach the plants inside. But on Mars will there be enough light to meet the needs of growing plants? Several factors influence the amount of light that would be available on Mars for growing plants.
Distance from the Sun
Mars’ greater distance from the Sun means that the maximum intensity (brightness) of sunlight on Mars is much less (about 44%) than that on Earth. This means that the greatest light intensity that Mars ever experiences is about the same as the light intensity Canada experiences in the middle of the winter, when the northern hemisphere is tilted away from the Sun (See Figure 1).
The seasons a planet experiences are determined by the tilt of the planet on its axis and the shape of its orbit around the Sun. Like Earth, Mars is tilted away from the Sun on its axis, so as it travels around the Sun there are times during the Martian year (days) that a part of the planet does not receive direct sunlight. This axial tilt causes four seasons on Mars, which is similar to Earth. Since Mars is twice as far from the Sun, each year on Mars is longer (1.88 Earth years), and the seasons are each twice as long as on Earth.
In addition, the shape of Mars’ orbit, which is very elliptical (an eccentric orbit) compared to Earth’s orbit, results in seasons that are of different lengths. For example, in the northern hemisphere on Mars, spring is 7 months, summer is 6 months, fall is 5.3 months and winter is a little over 4 months long. This means that the number of daylight hours and light intensity at different times of the year may not always be enough to meet the needs of plants.
The Impact of Weather
The amount of light reaching the surface of Mars can also be dramatically affected by weather. Due to its distance from the Sun and thin atmosphere, the surface of Mars is very cold and it has very little warming due to the greenhouse effect (about 6 degrees Celsius). The most significant weather phenomena on Mars are dust storms and winds. These dust storms can block out direct solar radiation from the Sun for very long periods of time, sometimes for up to several weeks or even months! (See The Weather of Mars video) Without enough light for that length of time, plants would not be able to produce enough food through photosynthesis and they would slowly die.
It appears that, depending on the location of habitation on Mars, the time of year and the weather conditions, artificial light sources will be needed to provide a reliable and adequate amount of light to grow plants on Mars. At the same time, scientists are also conducting research with plants to find ways to lower their requirements for light.
Mars Plant Research On Earth
Will there be enough natural sunlight on Mars to grow crops such as tomatoes? Will greenhouses with artificial light be required? Plant scientists have been working on finding answers to these key questions through studies conducted right here on Earth!
Devon Island in Nunavut, Canada, is the largest uninhabited island on Earth. It has surface characteristics that strongly resemble those of the surface of Mars, with a barren, rocky landscape and temperatures that often dip as low as –50°C and rarely go higher than 5°C (See Figure 2).
Located at latitude of slightly more than 75°N, Devon Island has a solar insolation similar to the solar insolation at the Martian equator. Scientists are assuming that the location of the first Mars habitationby humans will occur near the Martian equator where seasonal changes that can affect light intensity are less noticeable. Except for a brief period in June, the intensity of the Sun on Devon Island never gets higher than the solar intensity on Mars. This means Devon Island provides an excellent environment to do plant research with light conditions that resemble those on Mars. In 2002, the Arthur C. Clarke Mars Analogue Greenhouse was installed near the rim of the Haughton Impact Crater, on Devon Island near the Flashline Mars Arctic Research Station (FMARS) (See Figures 3 and 4). Researchers here are learning how to operate a greenhouse in this very extreme climate.
Plant scientists have been conducting experiments and testing sensor technologies (webcams and environment monitoring sensors) that can monitor the growing conditions inside the greenhouse and the condition of the plants (See Figure 5). Several crops, including radishes, beets, lettuce, and tomatoes have been grown in this greenhouse on Devon Island.
Devon Island research is also helping scientists to learn about how to keep a greenhouse operating and providing for the needs of the plants without actually having humans there to care for the plants.
For 11 months of the year the growing environment is maintained with remotely-controlled (satellite) and automated irrigation systems, solar panels, heating systems to support growth, and a webcam network to track the progress of the plants (See Figure 6). These automated gardening techniques could come in handy in preparing for the arrival of humans (to have food and air ready for crew when they arrive) on Mars, or for keeping plants growing between missions. The success of this greenhouse in the extreme environment of Devon Island is a good indication of whether or not people will be able to grow crops on Mars.
An orbit that deviates from a perfect circle.
A place in which to live.
The amount of solar radiation striking Earth or another planet.
A characteristic of material that allows light to pass through it.
Green plants, red planet (Retrieved May 2, 2016). This article from Greenhouse Canada discusses greenhouse research that is being conducted on Devon Island, Nunavut, to support the future exploration of Mars.
Solar Radiation in Space (Retrieved April 21, 2016). This website, from Photovoltaic Education Network, describes how to calculate solar radiation for different planets.
Does Mars Have Seasons? (Retrieved February 27, 2017). This webpage from Universe Today explains the causes of the seasons on Mars.
Mars Institute (Retrieved May 10, 2016). The Mars Institute is an international, non-governmental, non-profit research organization dedicated to advancing the scientific study, exploration, and public understanding of Mars.
I am back to composing music while on lockdown. The Coronavirus 19 brings out this image and this music. Morna is a style of music I learned from the Republic of Cabo Verde. To me, I needed to set a deep dark mood. My “Jazz Morna” is one song from my album. It may help people that can’t attend a funeral in person. You can reflex from home or anywhere, where you are not in the presence of other people. Stay safe and just do some deep listening. Lockdown is starting to drive me crazy and this is what I do to survive all of this. I hope it can help with some mental health. Seek help. Click below to hear music.
The Physics of Electronic Music: A Photo Essay By Bob Barboza
Music and science come together for the new visual jazz opera about the planet Mars.
Bob Barboza is selecting instruments for the “Occupy Mars Band Concert” in the USA. He went to the NAMM Show in southern California to talk with musicians and instrument designers from around the world. Some of the musicians will appear as soloists for Bob’s new visual jazz opera on the topics of Mars and are we alone in the universe. We continue to search for original compositions and writers on the topics of deep space and Mars. For more information contact Suprschool@aol.com.
Our application is open! High school seniors, apply here.
The Coca-Cola Scholars Foundation supports more than 1,400 exceptional college students each year, with annual scholarships of $3.55 million awarded through 3 nationally recognized programs.
The Coca-Cola Scholars Program Scholarship
The Coca-Cola Scholars Program scholarship is an achievement-based scholarship awarded to graduating high school seniors. Students are recognized for their capacity to lead and serve, as well as their commitment to making a significant impact on their schools and communities. With the 30th class in 2018, the Foundation has provided over 6,000 Coca-Cola Scholars with more than $66 million in educational support. 150 Coca-Cola Scholars are selected each year to receive this $20,000 scholarship. The application is open! Students who will be graduating in the 2018-2019 academic school year may apply here through Wednesday, October 31, 2018, at 5:00 p.m. Eastern. Please click the box below for our eligibility requirements.
We advise reading the information below beforeyou start your application so you can be fully prepared.
The 2018-2019 application has been revamped for this year’s cycle to make the user experience easier and more efficient. We hope this new format will allow more applicants to complete the application and give the Foundation a better understanding of their high school success.
High school seniors may apply here through Wednesday, October 31, 2018, at 5:00 p.m. Eastern.
Important Items to Gather
A high school transcript – There is no need to upload, email, mail, fax, or submit in any other fashion, a copy of your transcript. While completing the application, you will be asked to type in your specific grades since your freshman year and their course levels. Having your transcript nearby will help you fill in this information.
Contact info – The names, email addresses and phone numbers of your guidance counselor and principal.
A list of school and non-school related clubs and organizations in which you have participated since your freshman year as well as any corresponding leadership positions.
A list of honors and awards that you received when participating in school and non-school-related clubs and organizations and the level of each award (Local, State, Regional, or National/International) since your freshman year.
A list of volunteer organizations with which you have served and the number of hours served with each, plus any awards and honors that you have received for your participation since freshman year.
A list of employment during school and during the summer. You will need to know weeks and hours worked.
Collecting this information will help you complete the online application. We do not request nor accept any supplemental information, including high school transcripts, letters of recommendation, essays, personal statements, head shots, or any other items outside of the online application. Any item mailed, emailed, or faxed to the Foundation will be recycled.
Read Our Application Instructions
We highly encourage you to read these instructions before completing your application, and keep them nearby while filling it out.
Check out a Sample Application
Want to be doubly sure you have everything? Click here for a sample application to see exactly what applying will be like. Note that this is just a sample though, and we won’t accept it as your application. We accept only electronic applications for our scholarship.
Ready to begin your application? Start here! We look forward to learning more about you.
The Coca-Cola Scholars Foundation proudly supports two-year colleges through the Coca-Cola Community College Academic Team Program, administered by Phi Theta Kappa. The Program awards 200 stipends (up to $237,500) annually across four tiers of recipients in varying amounts:
Coca-Cola Leaders of Promise is Phi Theta Kappa’s first scholarship program available to its members to be used during the time they are enrolled in community colleges. 200 scholarships of $1,000 each will be awarded based on applications submitted by members.
The Coca-Cola Scholars Foundation is committed to aiding as many students as we can. However, due to the large number of applications and our limited resources, we are able to award only a small percentage of students scholarships. To aid in the quest for financial aid, we’re happy to share the following list of scholarship resources.
Please note the deadlines and eligibility requirements found at each site. We wish all students the best as they endeavor to continue their educations.
FinAid – Links to scholarships, grants, loans, and graduate aid.
StudentAid.gov – Information from the U.S. Department of Education on preparing for and funding education beyond high school.
College Affordability Guide – This site’s mission is to provide clear, correct info and advice on the many options students have to reduce the cost of their degree, and to offer a fresh analysis of which colleges are doing the most to make high-quality education affordable.
The Scholarship Academy – Offers curriculum to help students identify tailored scholarship options and build solid scholarship profile.
Search Engines and Scholarship Programs
Scholar Snapp – A free, simple to use data standard that allows students to reuse their application information – including contact information, essays, transcripts, etc. – from one scholarship application to another thereby streamlining the college scholarship application process.
Scholly – A mobile app that provides students with a fast and simple way to find scholarships for college. (Created by Christopher Gray, a Coca-Cola Scholar!)
Thurgood Marshall College Fund – Provides scholarships, programmatic and capacity building support to the 47 public Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs).
Gates Millennium Scholars – Provides outstanding low income African American, American Indian/Alaska Native, Asian Pacific Islander American, and Hispanic American students with an opportunity to complete an undergraduate college education in any discipline they choose.
The kids of the “East L.A. Rising”, formerly known as the Boys and Girls Club of East LA, were in for a big treat this past Tuesday. CSU Long Beach Robotics Professor Walter Martinez Marconi and Barboza Space Center founder Bob Barboza hosted an interactive and informative robots themed special event base on Universal Pictures’ upcoming film, Pacific Rim Uprising, directed by Steven S. DeKnight, coming out Friday March 23rd. “It’s not only fun, exciting, and inspiring for our kids to be exposed to robotics”, stated Anna Araujo the Executive Director of East L.A. Rising, “it’s our responsibility to nuture our kids’ interest in the sciences. Unfortunately, low income kids have significantly less internet and technological access, as well as exposure to these types of special events that help them correlate STEM (Science, Technology, Engineeribg, and Math) education with career opportunities. Access to technology is becoming a civil rights issue of our time”, claimed Araujo, “and these type of events are vital to ensure our kids will be well prepared for tomorrow world”.
The highly anticipated sequel, Uprising, flashes forward 10 years from the first Pacific Rim and follows the rebellious Jake Pentecost, a once promising Jaeger pilot whose legendary father gave his life to secure humanity’s victory against the monstrous “Kaiju”. Young Jaeger pilots have only known a world of chaos and Jake has since abandoned his training only to become caught up in a criminal underworld. But when an even more unstoppable threat is unleashed to tear through cities and bring the world to its knees, he is given one last chance to live up to his father’s legacy with his estranged sister, Mako Mori, who is leading a brave new generation of pilots that have grown up in the shadow of war. As they seek justice for the fallen, their only hope is to reunite together in a global uprising against the force of extinction.
Kids Talk Radio speaks with Laurent Bernadac about using 3D printed violins in the Occupy Mars Band.
Innovation at the 2018 NAMM Show
3Dvarius made an impression at last year’s NAMM Show with the introduction of its 3D-printed electric violin. Now the innovative instrument maker is back at the 2018 show with three brand new models.
The Line is inspired by the original 3Dvarius design. Unlike the original plastic violin, the Line has been simplified for a perfect adaptation to its new material: wood.
Its body is composed of these two woods (beech and sipo) organised in parallel lines, and oriented in the exact direction of the sound-waves running through the instrument when played. It uses the firm’s “S Pickup” to deliver a clear sound.
The pre-order price starts at €999.
The Equinox is made of a mixture of 3D-printed resin, wood and aluminium. Like the 3Dvarius, its central wood body is created in one single piece. This ensures a perfect accuracy of the audio spectrum and allows for smooth, optimal sound-wave flow throughout the instrument.
It is equipped with a “X Piezoelectric Pickup” to deliver a powerful sound and prevent feedback.
The pre-oder price starts at €2,249.
Last but not least, the company has introduced a 5-string version of its popular original 4-string 3Dvarius violin.
Created in partnership with a number of violinists in order to select the best lengths, heights and spaces for its neck, pickup and strings, the 5-string model is designed to give players to chance to expand their playing range and explore new styles of music and tone.
The 5-string model is available now with a price tag of €7,499.
The electric guitar wasn’t invented until 1931. But since then, it has become the most important instrument in modern music. Ever wonder which strange new instruments being designed today will come to define the future of music?
“A lot of what the judges have to deal with is trying to define for themselves what it means to be a musical instrument,” says Jason Freeman, an assistant professor at the school of music. “Then they can begin to understand what is an effective or a particularly exemplary or transformative example.”
The 20 semifinalists for this year’s competition have just been announced. They range from musical sponges to a beat-making glove to a hologram-projecting soundboard. Here are our five favorites:
GEPS, GESTURE-BASED PERFORMANCE SYSTEM BY CEDRIC SPINDLER & FREDERIC ROBINSON
It’s a little like a wearable theremin: a “data glove” that lets the wearer create electronic music with hand gestures.
DULSITAR BY JUDY PIAZZA
A hybrid dulcimer and sitar, designed specifically to accompany devotional yogic chanting.
TINE ORGAN BY MATTHEW STEINKE
Matthew Steinke’s MIDI-controlled acoustic organ mimics the power of a cathedral’s massive pipe organ.
THE HOLOPHONE BY DANIEL IGLESIA
The Holophone projects a hovering three-dimensional shape that morphs according to vocal and audio inputs.
THE SPONGE BY MARTIN MARIER
Most sponges only make squelching sounds, but The Sponge is equipped with sensors that detect when it’s squeezed, touched, or shaken; input which wirelessly translates to sound.
A futuristic, 3D-printed violin is making its musical debut next month during the New York City 3D Print Week. The sound it creates promises to be unearthly — instead of the traditional vibrating strings of an acoustic violin, this instrument is piezoelectric, which means applied pressure is converted directly into an electric signal. This electric signal is then amplified and converted into sound through a speaker.
The violin is a prototype created by MONAD Studio, an architecture and design practice headed by Eric Goldemberg and Veronica Zalcberg, in collaboration with musician Scott Hall.
As a violinist and a physicist, I was curious to find out more about how the instrument worked. The studio website doesn’t provide many technical details, so I did a bit more research on how piezoelectric sound works.
A piezoelectric disk generating a voltage
when compressed. Credit: Tizeff via Wikimedia commons
Some materials, such as quartz crystals and certain ceramics, are naturally piezoelectric. This means that when the material undergoes some sort of stress or pressure, the atoms in the material lattice slightly rearrange themselves, resulting in an excess charge accumulating in opposite areas of the material.
Any separation of electric charge creates a voltage that can form part of an electric circuit, and suddenly you have a basic electric pressure sensor.
The opposite also works. Send a current through a piezoelectric material and the material will “squeeze itself”, vibrating its atomic crystal structure in response to the current.
The piezoelectric effect was first discovered in 1880 by Pierre Curie (husband of Marie Curie) and his brother, Jacques Curie, and is used today in everything from scanning probe microscopes to the ignition sources of propane barbecues and cigarette lighters (finger pressure causes an electric arc which ignites the fuel). Piezoelectricity is also used in sensitive sound detectors, since any vibrations of a piezoelectric material can be translated into an electric sound.
That brings us to violins. Many acoustic musicians already use piezoelectric pickups, small “microphones” that are mounted to the bridge of a violin in order to transform the vibrations of the violin into an electric sound for further amplification or transformation.
The work of MONAD Studio takes this a step further. Their two-string violin seems to operate solely by the piezoelectric effect. While there are no videos released of their violin in action (live performances will be debuted at the 3D Print show next month), it’s possible to imagine the musician pressing their fingers and the bow on specific, piezoelectric areas of the violin, which would send a current through an amplifier and speaker to create music. The sound is likely to be much more electric than a traditional violin.
Here’s a video of a previous sound installation that MONAD Studio created for a Florida gallery in 2014.
Since this violin is 3D-printed and easily customizable, the creators predict many more instruments to come. “We are now flooded with amazing proposals to collaborate with other musicians who … want us to develop a special instrument tailored to their sound and performance type,” said Goldemberg in an interview with 3Dprint.com.
At the New York exhibit, the piezoelectric violin will be debuted with four other instruments, a cello, a small and large didgeridoo, and a monobarasitar (a version of the lute-like sitar instrument). These will be mounted as part of a large overarching display frame that will also make music. Goldemberg describes the entire ensemble as a “a complex meta-instrument in the tradition of the one-man band”.
If you happen to be in the New York area during April 16-17, you can get free tickets for the 3D Print Week here. And send us photos!